Ieper – Hypra (..).; G. Braun & F. Hogenberg – 1575-1617

Frans Hogenberg (1535 – 1590) / Georg Braun (1541 – 1622).

Oudtijds gekleurde antieke kaart van Ieper. Iconische plattegrond in perspectief met opstanden van huizen en gebouwen van de stad. Uit het tweede deel van het beroemde stedenboek Civitates Orbis Terrarum van Braun en Hogenberg.

Contemporary colored antique map of Ypres. Iconic view of the town’s houses and buildings. From the second part of the famous city book Civitates Orbis Terrarum by Braun and Hogenberg.

365,00

1 in stock

Description

Details

  • Type: carthografische prent
  • Title: Hypra Flandriarum Civitas Munitissima.
  • Publication: 1575-1617
  • Technique: kopergravure, oudtijds gekleurd
  • Carthographer: unknown
  • Publicer: Gottfried von Kempen e.a.
  • Engraver: Frans Hogenberg
  • Publiced in: Civitates Orbis Terrarum door Frans Hogenberg en George Braun in Köln
  •   34.0 x 32.3 cm.
  • 38.3 x 47 cm
  • Verso: Latijnse tekst / 22
  • 9740BO
  • Source: Koeman II B&H 2 [22] / Taschen p. 148 / Fauser #15784

 

Condition: B

Goed, gegeven de leeftijd. Middenvouw als uitgegeven met ruime marges. Scherpe afdruk met lichte kleuring op verouderd papier. Split en scheurtje boven verstevigd aan het verso, zonder beeldverlies.

Good, given age. Centrefold as issued with wide margins. Sharp print with fading coloring on aged paper. Split and tear at top, reinforced on the verso, without image loss.

Ieper

Commentary by George Braun: ‘Ypres is a city in Flanders with a big and long town hall, located on the marketplace, a magnificent building with a big square tower. It is a remarkable fact that no one has ever seen a spider or a spider’s web in this building. As some believe, the reason for this is that the wooden beams were brought here over the sea from Norway and Sweden and that the salt water does not tolerate rot and vermin. Twice a year a great fair is held here, especially in cloth and wool, with which the Flemings have always carried on a lively trade.’

Ypres in Flanders was one of the most important cloth production centres in Europe in the 13th century. With a population of 200,000 and 4,000 weaving looms, it surpassed even Ghent and Bruges. Cloth from Ypres has been found in central Russia, North Africa and Syria. The city suffered an economic decline in the 15th century when English wool became established on the market.

Frans Hogenberg & George Braun

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590) was een belangrijke Vlaamse etser, carthograaf en uitgever.  Hij sympathiseerde met de hervorming en vluchtte van Antwerpen naar Duitsland. In Keulen richtte hij samen met Georg Braun een cartografische drukkerij-uitgeverij op. Georg Braun (1541 – 1622) was redacteur en kanunnik van de Dom van Keulen.

Frans Hogenberg (1535 – 1590) was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg. By the end of the 1560’s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius’s Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Georg Braun (1541 – 1622) was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor’s degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Civitates Orbis Terrarum

Braun en Hogenberg stelden in 1572 het stadsgezichtenboek Civitates Orbis Terrarum samen. Dit boek sloeg aan in Duitsland en raakte later overal bekend. Het zesde en laatste deel verscheen in 1617.  Het is de grootste verzameling plattegronden en illustraties die ooit is verschenen. Het boek is ontstaan tussen 1572 en 1617 en bevat 363 kaarten en stadsgezichten van alle belangrijke steden in Europa en steden in Azië, Afrika en Latijns-Amerika. Ruim honderd kunstenaars en cartografen hebben meegewerkt aan deze atlas, die niet alleen plattegronden van steden laat zien maar ook afbeeldingen van mensen in hun landelijke kleding, schepen en topografische afbeeldingen van stad en land. De atlas was bedoeld als gids voor de in 1570 verschenen wereldatlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum van Abraham Ortelius die inderdaad een aantal bladen voor zijn wereldatlas gebruikt heeft.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the “Braun & Hogenberg”, is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Cornelis Antonisz., Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, the next volumes appeared in 1575, 1581, 1588, 1596 and 1617. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

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