Brielle – Brilium, Holandiae opp (..).; G. Braun & F. Hogenberg – 1575-1617

Frans Hogenberg (1535 – 1590) / Georg Braun (1541 – 1622).

Vroege kopergravure van Brielle. Iconische plattegrond in perspectief met opstanden van huizen en gebouwen van de stad. Uit het tweede deel van het beroemde stedenboek Civitates Orbis Terrarum van Braun en Hogenberg.

Early copper engraving of Brielle. Iconic view of the town’s houses and buildings. From the second part of the famous city book Civitates Orbis Terrarum by Braun and Hogenberg.


1 in stock



  • Type: carthografische prent
  • Title: Brilium Hollandiae opp. ob intestinum Batavicum bellum, quod anno partae salutis MDLXXII calend, aprlis, hic initum sumpsit famosum.
  • Publication: 1575-1617
  • Technique: kopergravure
  • Carthographer: Jacob van Deventer (1545) e.a.
  • Publicer: Gottfried von Kempen e.a.
  • Engraver: Frans Hogenberg e.a.
  • Publiced in: Civitates Orbis Terrarum door Frans Hogenberg en George Braun in Köln
  •   35.0 x 49 cm. (13.4 x 16.3 inches)
  • 39.5 x 53.5 cm (15.7 x 21.1 inches)
  • Verso: Franse tekst
  • M180_1 O
  • Source: Koeman II B&H 14 [27]/ Taschen p. 162 / Fauser #1959


Condition: B

Goed, gegeven de leeftijd. Middenvouw als uitgegeven met voldoende marges. Fraaie oudtijdse kleuring op fris papier met wat vlekjes. Gaatje, split onder en dun plekje gerestaureerd en verstevigd aan verso.

Good, given age. Center fold as issued with sufficient margins. Beautiful contemporary coloring on fresh paper with some spots. Hole, split at the bottom and a thin spot restored and reinforced on the verso.


Translation of the title: ‘Brielle, a town in Holland, well known because of the civil war in Batavia, which began here at the beginning of April 1572.’

This bird’s-eye view shows the topographical situation of the Island of Voorne at the mouth of the River Meuse. The economic importance of fishing here is underlined by the fishermen in the lower left-hand corner of the plate. The sea-battle (bottom right) is a reference to Brielle’s role in the Dutch Revolt: on 1 April 1572 Brielle – formerly anglicized as Brill – was the first town to be taken by the rebels, the Watergeuzen. The first day of April is still celebrated today as Liberation Day. However, in August 1585 Brielle was given to Queen Elizabeth I of England as a security in the Treaty of Nonsuch, in exchange for 5,000 English soldiers to help fight the Spanish troops. The pledged areas were not returned to the Netherlands until 1616.

Commentary by George Braun: ‘Most of the inhabitants of Brielle earn their living by fishing, which they carry on from ..the North Sea, where they catch chiefly plaice and cod, which are then processed in Brielle and the surrounding towns.’

Frans Hogenberg & George Braun

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590) was een belangrijke Brabantse carthograaf. Hij sympathiseerde met de hervorming en vluchtte van Antwerpen naar Duitsland. In Keulen richtte hij samen met Georg Braun een cartografische drukkerij-uitgeverij op. Georg Braun (1541 – 1622) was redacteur en kanunnik van de Dom van Keulen.

Frans Hogenberg (1535 – 1590) was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg. By the end of the 1560’s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius’s Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Georg Braun (1541 – 1622) was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor’s degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Civitates Orbis Terrarum

Braun en Hogenberg stelden in 1572 het stadsgezichtenboek Civitates Orbis Terrarum samen. Dit boek sloeg aan in Duitsland en raakte later overal bekend. Het zesde en laatste deel verscheen in 1617.  Het is de grootste verzameling plattegronden en illustraties die ooit is verschenen. Het boek is ontstaan tussen 1572 en 1617 en bevat 363 kaarten en stadsgezichten van alle belangrijke steden in Europa en steden in Azië, Afrika en Latijns-Amerika. Ruim honderd kunstenaars en cartografen hebben meegewerkt aan deze atlas, die niet alleen plattegronden van steden laat zien maar ook afbeeldingen van mensen in hun landelijke kleding, schepen en topografische afbeeldingen van stad en land. De atlas was bedoeld als gids voor de in 1570 verschenen wereldatlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum van Abraham Ortelius die inderdaad een aantal bladen voor zijn wereldatlas gebruikt heeft.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the “Braun & Hogenberg”, is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Cornelis Antonisz., Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, the next volumes appeared in 1575, 1581, 1588, 1596 and 1617. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.