Groningen – Groeninga. – G. Braun & F. Hogenberg – 1572-1617

Frans Hogenberg (1535 – 1590) / Georg Braun (1541 – 1622).

Fraai aanzicht van Groningen en ommelanden in de 16e eeuw. Antieke oudtijds gekleurde kopergravure uit het eerste deel van het beroemde stedenboek Civitates Orbis Terrarum door Braun en Hogenberg.

Beautiful view of Groningen and surrounding areas in the 16th century. Contemporary colored antique copper engraving from the first part of the famous city book Civitates Orbis Terrarum by Braun and Hogenberg.

425,00

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Description

Details

  • Type: carthografische prent
  • Title: Groeninga. Inset: Groeninga, sive ut alij, Gruninga, Frisiae (..)
  • Publication: 1572-1617, 2e staat
  • Technique: kopergravure, oudtijds gekleurd
  • Carthographer: unknown
  • Publicer: Gottfried von Kempen e.a.
  • Engraver: Frans Hogenberg
  • Publiced in: Civitates Orbis Terrarum door Frans Hogenberg en George Braun in Köln
  •   15.7 x 46.5 cm.
  • 20.5 x 53.0 cm
  • Verso: Latijnse tekst
  • M2502O
  • Source: Koeman II B&H 1 [22] / Taschen p. 79 / Fauser #5051 / Koets Caert Tresoor 2003/4

 

Condition: A

Zeer goed, gegeven de leeftijd. Middenvouw als uitgegeven met ruime marges. Scherpe afdruk met levendige kleuring en een enkel vlekje.

Very good, given age. Centrefold as issued with wide margins. Sharp print with vivid coloring and occasional stains. 

Grongingen

Translation of the title: ‘Groninga, also Groningen, is a well-known city in Frisia, well armed against hostile attacks and famed as a capital.’

This panoramic view shows Groningen on a small hill from the north: characteristic is the densely packed houses and the Martinitoren, a tall tower in the middle. In the 13th century, the city attained great importance because of its favourable position, and it became a Hanseatic city in 1282. Many merchants settled here, and Groningen developed into a flourishing trade centre. In 1536 the city passed first to the Habsburgs and finally in 1594 to the United Netherlands. In 1614 the university was founded.

Commentary by George Braun: ‘Groningen is the capital of Frisia and takes its name from its first founder, Gruno. […] At that time, it was protected not by walls but only by wooden posts; in 1110, it was fortified against all attacks from enemies through walls, moats and towers. Groningen is now a powerful and populous city embellished with tall spires and splendid houses.’

Frans Hogenberg & George Braun

Frans Hogenberg (1535-1590) was een belangrijke Vlaamse etser, carthograaf en uitgever.  Hij sympathiseerde met de hervorming en vluchtte van Antwerpen naar Duitsland. In Keulen richtte hij samen met Georg Braun een cartografische drukkerij-uitgeverij op. Georg Braun (1541 – 1622) was redacteur en kanunnik van de Dom van Keulen.

Frans Hogenberg (1535 – 1590) was a Flemish and German painter, engraver, and mapmaker. He was born in Mechelen as the son of Nicolaas Hogenberg. By the end of the 1560’s Frans Hogenberg was employed upon Abraham Ortelius’s Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, published in 1570; he is named as engraver of numerous maps. In 1568 he was bannend from Antwerp by the Duke of Alva and travelled to London, where he stayed a few years before emigrating to Cologne. There he immediately embarked on his two most important works, the Civitates published from 1572 and the Geschichtsblätter, which appeared in several series from 1569 until about 1587.

Georg Braun (1541 – 1622) was born in Cologne in 1541. After his studies in Cologne he entered the Jesuit Order as a novice. In 1561 he obtained his bachelor’s degree and in 1562 his Magister Artium. Although he left the Jesuit Order, he studied theology, gaining a licentiate in theology.

Civitates Orbis Terrarum

Braun en Hogenberg stelden in 1572 het stadsgezichtenboek Civitates Orbis Terrarum samen. Dit boek sloeg aan in Duitsland en raakte later overal bekend. Het zesde en laatste deel verscheen in 1617.  Het is de grootste verzameling plattegronden en illustraties die ooit is verschenen. Het boek is ontstaan tussen 1572 en 1617 en bevat 363 kaarten en stadsgezichten van alle belangrijke steden in Europa en steden in Azië, Afrika en Latijns-Amerika. Ruim honderd kunstenaars en cartografen hebben meegewerkt aan deze atlas, die niet alleen plattegronden van steden laat zien maar ook afbeeldingen van mensen in hun landelijke kleding, schepen en topografische afbeeldingen van stad en land. De atlas was bedoeld als gids voor de in 1570 verschenen wereldatlas Theatrum Orbis Terrarum van Abraham Ortelius die inderdaad een aantal bladen voor zijn wereldatlas gebruikt heeft.

The Civitates Orbis Terrarum, or the “Braun & Hogenberg”, is a six-volume town atlas and the greatest book of town views and plans ever published: 363 engravings, sometimes beautifully coloured. It was one of the best-selling works in the last quarter of the 16th century. Georg Braun wrote the text accompanying the plans and views on the verso. A large number of the plates were engraved after the original drawings of Joris Hoefnagel (1542-1600), who was a professional artist. The first volume was published in Latin in 1572, the sixth volume in 1617. Frans Hogenberg created the tables for volumes I through IV, and Simon van den Neuwel created those for volumes V and VI. Other contributors were cartographer Daniel Freese, and Heinrich Rantzau. Works by Jacob van Deventer, Cornelis Antonisz., Sebastian Münster, and Johannes Stumpf were also used. Translations appeared in German and French.

Following the original publication of Volume 1 of the Civitates in 1572, the next volumes appeared in 1575, 1581, 1588, 1596 and 1617. The German translation of the first volume appeared from 1574 on and the French edition from 1575 on.

Several printers were involved: Theodor Graminaeus, Heinrich von Aich, Gottfried von Kempen, Johannis Sinniger, Bertram Buchholtz and Peter von Brachel, who all worked in Cologne.

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